What is HTML?

HTML, (Hypertext Markup Language) is one of the most common forms of code in the world. It is used on pretty much every website and enables web designers to present texts, images, videos, and other content clearly and concisely. HTML is incredibly widespread. It is primarily used by front-end web developers to make web content legible and present.

HTML was created because scientists wanted to communicate with each other about their research. It was first proposed on March 13, 1989, by Tim Berners-Lee at CERN in Geneva. There are now 13 different versions of HTML. The original version was introduced in 1992. The next version followed in 1993, with which not only texts but also image files could be opened. HTML+ followed half a year later. The next version, HTML 2.0, was introduced in 1995 with the additional module for form technology. This was followed by versions 3.0, 3.2, 4.0, 4.01, XHTML 1.0, XHTML 1.1 and XHTML 2.0, all of which had small changes and enhancements. HTML 5 is the version currently being used.

HTML is an XML-based language. It has tags (or elements) in angle brackets (<>). There are attributes within the brackets. These tags or elements are nested within one another.

  • <p> </p>, these are paragraph tags. They tell your web browser that everything between the tags is in one paragraph.
  • <title> </title>, tells your web browser what the title of the page is.
  • <video>, with this tag you can insert a video directly on your page.

As you may notice, HTML tags have some characteristics that are clear and universal. Most HTML tags start with an opening tag, <> and end with a closing tag, </>. However, only a few have an opening day. In most cases, the content that we want to define by the tags is between the opening and closing tags. Sometimes things are included in the opening day.